American Medical News
By — Posted July 1, 2013
Chicago The Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs is exploring the ethical dimensions related to the American Medical Association’s strategic initiative aimed at improving physicians’ professional satisfaction.
As a first step in that process, the council’s open forum at the AMA Annual Meeting featured three presentations about factors driving the alarming rates of burnout and dissatisfaction among medical students, residents and physicians.
For medical students, the vast amount of material they are expected to master combined with starting life at the bottom of the medical totem pole can prove deeply unsettling, said Leon Vorobeichik, MD, the council’s student member.
He recently graduated from Saint Louis University School of Medicine, where student surveys told a sad tale. When surveyed during orientation, only 6% of students in the school’s class of 2011 reported depression, while a third were anxious. By the end of the first year of medical school, the depression rate rose to 27%, while nearly 60% of students had moderate to high anxiety symptoms.
However, a comprehensive initiative at the school has helped address the problem. The program combined wellness-promotion activities such as mindfulness training with year-long elective courses and integrated opportunities to do volunteer activities outside the classroom.
Courses also were scrutinized to see if they could be shortened or the workloads lightened without sacrificing educational value. For example, a 10-week anatomy course was cut to eight weeks.
The changes are having an impact, with the Class of 2015 reporting a depression rate of 11% and anxiety rate of 31% after year one of medical school.
“There is hope,” Dr. Vorobeichik said.
Meanwhile, efforts to reduce burnout among medical residents appear to be having limited effect, according to Katherine L. Harvey, MD, MPH, CEJA’s resident/fellow member and a medical oncology and hematology fellow at Yale Cancer Center in New Haven, Conn.
The 80-hour-a-week duty restrictions mandated by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education have led to an increase in risky hand-offs and frustration among many residents who feel they are being cheated of valuable opportunities to learn.
“Residents generally did not use the extra time for sleeping, and it’s hard to say [the duty-hour rules] improved quality of care. They faced more pressure to do more work in less time,” Dr. Harvey said.
She added that residents also face an ethical dilemma when reporting their duty hours. Accurately reporting excess time on duty could result in penalties levied against the programs residents are counting on to further their own careers.
In open forum testimony, delegates agreed that the focus on professional satisfaction should occur throughout the continuum of a physician’s career.
“We go into medicine for all the right reasons, and if we’re lucky, we don’t have them beaten out of us by the training,” said Craig A. Backs, MD, a Springfield, Ill., internist and alternate delegate for the Illinois State Medical Society.
Yet the troubles do not end with entry into medical practice. Research shows that about one in three practicing physicians is burned out and that doctors who are professionally dissatisfied are likelier to have less-satisfied patients.
High burnout rates are not just a problem for physicians, but for the country as a whole, said Michael Tutty, PhD, the AMA vice president of physician practice sustainability.
“Our society is best served when our brightest minds consider, choose and enjoy a fulfilling career in the medical profession and provide high-quality patient care,” he said.
The AMA has partnered with the Santa Monica, Calif.-based nonprofit think tank RAND Health to do field research at 30 physician practices in six states to better understand the elements linked to dissatisfaction and how to address them. The early themes emerging from the project are that unstable revenue streams, lack of control over the practice environment and less time with patients are the primary culprits of physician dissatisfaction, Tutty said.
The initial findings probably will be released in October, and the AMA will work to develop tools to help physicians address the factors impeding satisfaction while advocating for changes in areas beyond doctors’ direct control.
At a separate educational session, Jay Crosson, MD, said the AMA action plan probably will include toolkits and webinars for physicians, and dissemination of the project findings through media mailings and speaking engagements. Dr. Crosson is the Association’s group vice president, professional satisfaction — care delivery and payment.
“We are going to take all these factors and try to understand the key drivers. From that we will create an action plan,” he said.